Author Topic: Glossa Ordinaria translation- Epistles of St. John  (Read 77 times)

glossa

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Glossa Ordinaria translation- Epistles of St. John
« on: May 15, 2015, 09:11:31 pm »
Fortunately this has been translated and is now published by Consolamini Publications here http://www.amazon.com/Consolamini-Commentary-Ordinaria-Epistles-Translation/dp/151199973X/ref=sr_1_6?ie=UTF8&qid=1431742181&sr=8-6&keywords=glossa+ordinaria

As a preview I will provide the 5 chapter of 1 John!

Also here are some resources for anyone who wants Latin manuscripts and versions!  https://sites.google.com/site/glossaordinariaproject/home/1-john

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glossa

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Chapter 5
5:1 Whosoever believes that Jesus is aChrist, is bborn of Him. And every one that loves chim which dbegat: eloves him also that was *born of fhim.

 
Whosoever believes. He believes who lives as Christ has commanded, otherwise even the demons believe.
And works before faith are either null or, even if they seem good, they are empty, because they are apart from the way which is Christ. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

Whosoever believes. He who truly loves God, also loves his brother. For he who loves God the Father, loves God the Son, who was begotten by the Father, and he who loves the Son of God, loves also the sons of God, who are the limbs of that Head. Therefore let us love the sons of God so that we may love the Son of God whose limbs they are, and, by loving the entire Son, let us love the Father. For love joins together the body of Christ, so that there may be one Christ. So he who loves his brother, loves himself. For he is himself one with him. Nor can he who loves the limbs of Christ not love Christ. So he who loves the Son, who is the same as the Father, necessarily loves the Father too. Whosoever believes. And he who truly loves God, loves also his brother. For he who loves God who begot, loves him who was begotten, since he was begotten by him. And who is born? Whosoever believes, etc. And who is it who begot? God the Father. Therefore, he who loves God who begets in faith, loves him who was begotten in faith. And speaking suitably about love, he mentions faith, because if anyone is so hard as to disdain to love a man for the reason that he is a man, because he is in the same exile, he must be reminded to love him for this reason at least, that he is born of God, that he is a sharer of the same grace. But because many love their neighbors on account of consanguinity, or on account of a temporal advantage, he determines who is a true lover of one’s neighbor. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

a. Messiah.  b. In this faith.  c. God.  d. In faith.  e. Man.  * In faith.   f. God.
 




5:2 aIn this we know that when we love the children of God, we love God, and keep his *commandments.

 
a. He who is rightly proven to love his neighbor is he who also loves God. And so that no one should deceive themselves concerning the love of God, saying in word only that they love God, he adds "and keep his commandments". As a proof of love is the display of work.  *This is my commandment, that you love one another (Jn. 15:12).
 




5:3 For athis is the charity of God that we keep his bcommandments: and his commandments are not heavy.

 
(They) are not heavy. They do not weigh down as a talent of lead, but they lift up, and the keeping of the commandments of God makes men elevated. (Didymus of Alexandria Expo. 1 John)

Are not heavy. For the yoke of God is sweet, and a light burden. For things that are hard and harsh by their nature, the love of God and the hope of the reward makes light. If someone says that they are heavy, he accuses his own weakness, because for the strong man they are light, and in truth they are not heavy, because all that is born of God, overcomes the world (verse 4). He is born of God who loves God and neighbor, and who about God's commandments has so determined, that he would bring them to action. And he overcomes the world, despises the allurements or hostilities of the age, and the very death of the body.
He seeks the things that are above, not those that are on earth. And so that no one should trust that he can overcome the world by his own merit, he adds, "and this is the victory which overcomes the world: our faith" (verse 4). That faith which works through love, and which solicits God's help. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

a. Through this is proven that the love of God is in us, if we keep his commandments, by loving the sons of God. I say at the same time that we should love God, and perform his commandments, because otherwise there is no love. He that does not love the king's law, does not love the king. Out of love for the King his law ought to be fulfilled.  b. Which ought to be kept willingly, because his commandments are not heavy.


5:4 Because all that is born of God, overcomes the world, aand this is the victory bwhich overcomes the world, our faith.

 
And this is the victory which overcomes the world, our faith. That faith which works through love, and requires the help of God.
a. Demonstratively, he shows faith, as if with his finger, as being firm and permanent.
 







5:5 aWho is he that overcomes the world, but he that believes that Jesus is the Son of God?

 
Who is he that overcomes, etc. He determines the kind of faith that conquers, that is, faith in Christ. As if: Truly by faith he conquers the world, because it is not conquered by something else.

Our faith. Here is the faith that conquers: the one which believes that he was a true man and a true God. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

a. Who could have contempt for the world except him who believes Jesus to be the Christ who was prophesied, and who joins worthy works to faith?


 


5:6 aThis is he that came by water and blood Jesus Christ: not in water only, but in water and blood. And it is the bSpirit which testifies, that Christ is the truth.

 
This is he that came by water. And because only faith in and confession of the divinity of Christ is not sufficient for salvation and for conquering the world, he adds also about his humanity.

Spirit. That is the human soul which he let out in the passion, the water and blood which flowed from his side, which would not be possible if he did not have the true nature of flesh. But before the passion too, his sweat that became as drops of blood (reference to Lk. 22:44): showed the reality of his flesh. And the fact that as he was already dead, blood and water flowed vigorously from his side against the law of nature was testifying that the body of the Lord would live better after death, and that his death would give us life. As to the fact that his sweat was flowing onto the ground as blood, it indicated that he would wash the Church in the whole world with his blood. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

a. He who was eternal came for salvation and the remission of sins through the water of baptism and the blood of the passion; not only did he deign to be baptized for our washing, and to consecrate the sacrament of baptism to us, but he also gave his blood for our redemption.  b. And although he suffered as a man, yet the Spirit was seen above him at his baptism in the appearance of a dove; or the spirit, that is every spiritual doctor testifies that Christ is the truth; the true Son of God, not a spectre; a true mediator and reconciliator, free from sin, and having sufficient power to take away the sins of the world.
 





5:7 For there be three which give testimony in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost, and these three be aone.

 
For there be three. Through this it is apparent that Jesus is truth, true God and true man. Because concerning both we have a sure testimony: concerning his divinity we have testimony through the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; concerning his humanity, through the soul, water, and blood.

The Father gave testimony of his divinity when he said, "This is my beloved Son" (Matt. 3:17). The Son himself gave testimony when he was transfigured on the mount, and showed the power of divinity and the hope of eternal happiness. The Holy Spirit gave testimony when he rested above Jesus at his baptism in the form of a dove, or when he filled the hearts of believers for the calling of the name of Christ.

a. They are testifying about the same thing as one God.
 


5:8 And there be three which give testimony in earth: the Spirit, water, and blood, and these three be one.
5:9 *If we receive the testimony of men, the atestimony of God is greater, because bthis is the ctestimony of God which is greater, that he has testified dof his Son.

 
If we receive the testimony of men. Great is the testimony of the man David which he provides of the Son of God, "The Lord said to my Lord: Sit at my right hand" (Psalms, 109:1). And he even represents the Son speaking, "The Lord has said to me: Thou are my son" (Psalms, 2:7). Great is the testimony of the forerunner, who said, "I have baptized you with water; but he shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit" (Mark 1:8). But greater is the testimony of the Father who visibly sent into him the Spirit which he was always full of, as if he said, "If you believe the men foretelling the advent, believe the Father testifying that Christ has now come". (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

*And because we have such certain testimonies, we ought therefore to receive them, because we are accustomed to receiving even the testimonies of men who are able to lie.
a. Which must be better received.           b. Through which I prove.  c. Namely because it is the testimony.   d. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased (Matt. 3:17).
 





5:10 He that believes in the Son of God, has the testimony of God in himself. aHeb that believes not the Son, makes him a cliar: because he believes not in the dtestimony which God has testified of his Son.

 
He that believes in the Son of God. He understands that the Father says the truth in the testimony of the Son. Who doesn't believe, he says the Father has lied. In vain do the Jews who despise Christ say that they believe in the Father, because they despise Christ.

In the Son. Since the Father testifies about the Son, let us believe in the Son; for he who so believes in the Son that by doing good works he directs his course to the Son himself, has the testimony of God in himself. As if he were saying "God testifies about him too, that, believing in this way, he will be in the number of the sons of God, As his Son himself thus promises, "If any man minister to me, him will my Father honor" (Jn. 12:26). Therefore if you have God as a witness of your faith, how will the infamy or the persecutions of men harm you? "If God be for us, who is against us?" (Rom. 8:31) (Bede Expo. On 1 John)
a. But...  b. He who says that he is not his Son, or that he is less important than the Father.  c. In saying, “I and the Father are one.”   A liar in this.   d. You are my beloved Son, in you I am well pleased. I made it clear in the passion, and I will again make it clear.
 



glossa

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5:11 And this is the testimony, that God has given us life everlasting. And this life is in his Son.
 
And this is the testimony. He has testified about the Son, and also about us his adopted sons, that through his only Son he would give us too, now in hope, one day in reality, eternal life.
And this life is in his Son. In faith, and in the confession of the name, in the receiving of his Sacraments; because no one comes to the Father if not through him (Jn. 14:6). And there is no other name whereby we must be saved (Acts, 4:12). And to avoid to seem not to have said enough that life is in the Son, he adds that the Son himself is that life. For as the Father has life in himself, so has he given life to his Son to have it in himself, who gives his people eternal life. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)


5:12 He that ahas the Son, has life: bhe that has not the Son of God, has not life.

 
a.By believing and imitating.  b. But...
 



5:13 aThese things I write to you, that you may bknow cthat you have eternal life which believe in the name of the Son of God.

 
a. In these things you must place faith, because…  b. So that you might be assured of your future beatitude.  c. So that you should not be seduced by the deceits of those who deny that Christ is the Son of God, because you will have life as your faith deserves.
 


5:14 And athis is the confidence which we have toward him: that, whatsoever we shall ask according to his will, bhe hears us. 

 
And this is the confidence. He inculcates in various ways the same things that he had promised, in order to incite us more vigorously to pray. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)
According to his will. So that we ask for what he wishes us to, or so that we come to ask while being such as he wants us to be. If we want our salvation or that of our neighbors, we are not at variance with God's will; but if our will moves away from God's will through ignorance, God's good will corrects our foolish will, as it happened to the apostle Paul. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

According to his will. Not according to our fleshly desires, because what to ask as we should, we do not know, unless he himself show his will, who understands what is useful for us better than we ourselves do. If we ask according to his will, we obtain, as when we ask for a brother for whom there is need to ask.
a. And not only ought you to hope heavenly goods in the future out of faith in Christ, but even in this life there is confidence that we shall obtain when we ask something in a healthy way.  b. He who says, “Seek first the kingdom of God, and all will be added to you" (Matt. 6:33).
 


5:15 And we know that he ahears us *whatsoever we *shall ask: we know that we have the petitions which we request of him.

 
We know that, etc. Since we know that we have from him the petitions which we ask, we ask nothing that might be against him, we ask nothing except that which he has taught us, that which he has inspired us, and if we err in something, we are corrected at once.

a. Not only will he hear in future time, but we also know that he has heard and hears everyday. And through this that we are heard now, we are certain concerning the future.  *According to his will.  *And not only in future time, in giving [to us] the outcome of asking. 
 


5:16 aHe* that knows his brother to sin a sin not to death, blet him ask, and clife shall be given him, esinning not fto death. gThere is a sin to death: hfor *that I say not that any man ask.

 
He that knows his brother. He is talking of the everyday and light sins which are healed as easily as they are difficultly avoided. If you have sinned in word, in thought, by forgetfulness or by ignorance, confess to a brother, as James teaches, ask him to intercede for you (Jm. 5). And if he confesses to you in his turn, intercede for him too. Here the prayer of the Lord suffices, and mutual confession. It is a light penitence. Then if the sin is a serious one, bring in the priests of the church, and chastise yourself after their examination. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)
There is a sin to death which separates you from God as death separates the soul from God. There is a sin to death.
The Lord orders to pray for persecutors; here he (John) says that there are some people for whom you must not pray, because there are sins in brothers that are more serious than the persecution of enemies; the sin of a brother is to death when, after the knowledge of God was given to him through grace of God, someone attacks the brotherhood, and is agitated by the firebrands of envy against the grace by which he was reconciled. It is a sin not to death if someone has not removed his love from his brother, but through some weakness of the mind has not fulfilled the duties of brotherhood, whence Christ, "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do" (Lk. 23:34), for they had not yet been made sharers through the grace of the Spirit and had not yet entered the society of the holy brotherhood. So did Stephen too pray for those who had not received God's grace. Paul does not pray for Alexander; because, as he was already a brother, he was attacking the brotherhood. For those who had yielded out of fear he does pray. All left me alone but may it not be laid to their charge (ref. 2 Tim. 4:16). (Bede Expo. On 1 John)
a. Not criminally, or not unto the end of his life. *Through confession, or by another way.   b. For him.    c. Shall be given by God thanks to your prayer. e. I mean to him.  f. Not criminally.  g. But.    h. To the death of life.  *Because that which is not corrected in this life, its pardon is hoped in vain after death; it can also be taken as referring to any criminal sin. Whatever differs from the measure of equity is numbered among sins, but the very little sins are not prejudicial to the just; but some sins are so opposed to all justice that if they are not corrected they plunge you into punishment.
 

5:17 All iniquity is sin. And there is a sin to death.
 
All iniquity is sin. All, as if he were saying, "One must truly pray for those sinning not to death, because everyone is invaded by many sins, and no one can be without sin, because all iniquity is sin. But above others is a sin to death, which is not committed out of human frailty, and therefore is not purged by the prayer of the just, because those who do such things will not possess the kingdom of God. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)







5:18 aWe know that everyone which is born of God, *sins not: but the bgeneration of God preserves him, and the wicked one touches him not.

 
Everyone which is born. He who is born of God does not sin to death, he who is not born of God does sin. But we are among those who are born of God. Therefore we shall not sin, we shall not be touched by the enemy, but lovers of the world are subject to the wicked enemy. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

Sins not. David sinned greatly, but because he was born of God, he belonged to the society of the sons of God: he did not sin to death, but by repenting he deserved forgiveness. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)

But the generation of God preserves. Those who persevere in the generation of God cannot sin, nor be touched by the wicked one. As day and night cannot mix, so justice and iniquity, the wicked one and the generation of God cannot mix. Therefore the wicked one touches some, hurting and afflicting them, but not to their harm. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)


But the generation. Because it is voluntarily and not by nature that a man of this kind is the son of God, he suitably added this. (Didymus of Alexandria Expo. 1 John)
a. Who has the seed of God in him, is not able to sin unto death; for he is not able at the same time to perform righteousness as well as sin.  * Sin unto death.  b. The grace by which are reborn those who, according to His purpose, are called to be saints (Rom. 8:28) preserves them from committing sin to death, and if out of human frailty they have committed fault in any things, it protects them so that they may not be touched by the wicked enemy.
 

5:19 We know that we are aof God, and the whole world is set in wickedness. 
 
The whole world. Not only the lovers of the world, but also those recently born who do not have the ability to discern between good and evil, because of the first transgression they belong to the kingdom of the Devil, unless they are delivered from darkness by the grace of God.

a. Reborn in baptism.
 


5:20 And we know that the Son of God acomes: and he has given bus understanding, that we may cknow the true God, and may dbe in *his true Son. eThis is the true God, and life everlasting.

 
And we know that the Son. Without divine knowledge no one is able to arrive at eternal life. No one is able to know without the grace of God. Because no one knows the Son except the Father, nor does anyone know the Father except the Son and him to whom the Son wants to reveal both the Father and the Son. For the Son reveals both, who, appearing visibly in the flesh, disclosed the secrets of the divinity to the world through the Gospel. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)
a. Through the flesh, only for our salvation.  b. Who believe.  c. By believing that he is the true Son of God.  d. By loving.  *As members.   e. Through him we shall be gods living without end in God, in him who lives without beginning or end.
 
5:21 My little children, keep ayourselves from idols. Amen.
 
Little children keep. And since you are getting to know the true God and true man, and you wait for eternal life, beware of the doctrines of heretics, who put upon themselves the look of holiness, who by crooked doctrines change the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of corruptible things. For greed is the slavery of idols; those who place the world before God are idolaters. (Bede Expo. On 1 John)
Keep. Though he has presented to them in many words the testimony of perfection, it may however be feared that someone recently converted may have retained vestiges of superstition in his mind. (Didymus of Alexandria Expo. 1 John)
a. As holy vessels.